In the framework of the decrees and resolutions of President Shavkat Mirziyoyev, structural reforms of the Academy of Sciences are currently underway: new scientific institutions have been created on the basis of establishments that were part of it. It should be noted that 11 institutions are returning to the main scientific association of the country.
To understand the expediency of making such decisions within the framework of the Strategy for Actions of the development of the country along the five priority directions in 2017-2021, the correspondents of Uzbekistan Today were assisted by the head of the executive office of the Committee for the Coordination of Development of Science and Technology Odilkhuja Parpiyev:
- Currently, the Academy of Sciences system possesses a significant scientific potential. 2,719 people work, including 1,121 researchers (17 academicians, 147 doctors and 369 candidates of science) in 21 scientific research institutions of the Academy, including two institutes of the Karakalpak Branch and the Khorezm Academy of Mamun.
In recent years, significant work has been done to ameliorate the efficiency of research and bolster the material and technical potential of the Academy of Sciences, a number of new scientific and innovation structures have been created - the Genomics and Bioinformatics Center, the International Solar Energy Institute, the High Technology Center with the participation of the Cambridge University.
At the same time, the current state of the Academy of Sciences, the level of its staffing, material and technical, laboratory and experimental base do not meet the increased demands and rates of socio-economic development of the country. The competitiveness of the domestic academic science in most areas of research does not fully correspond to the high world level.
This is a consequence of momentous changes in the structure of the Academy of Sciences over the past five years with a significant reduction in the number of scientific-research institutes (almost 2.5 times, from 48 to 21) and the number of their employees. Transferring a number of leading scientific institutions with authoritative scientific schools, unique scientific complexes and a solid material and technical base to the system of the Ministry of Higher and Special Secondary Education, branch ministries and departments has significantly weakened the potential of academic science.
The existing structure of the Academy of Sciences did not allow it to provide the ongoing researches with meeting of the level of modern requirements. In this regard, it was proposed to re-establish nine research institutes, and also to form branches on the physical and mathematical and technical sciences within its structure including nine institutes, on chemical and biological sciences including eight institutes, and on social and human sciences including nine scientific institutions.
An order has been introduced in practice, according to which the branch scientific research institutions can be associated with the members of the Academy of Sciences that will help to mobilize the intellectual potential of various scientific institutions to address the pressing issues of the economic sectors, and also expand the possibility of their integration.
(As part of the social order of the Oliy Majlis Public Fund for the Support of NGOs and Other Civil Society Institutions)